Saturday, February 20, 2016

Nonprofit Imperative Mid February E-newsletter






Nonprofit Imperative
your nonprofit browser
February 2016
The monthly newsletter dedicated to:
  • exposing the crisis in nonprofit fraud leadership…a crisis of pervasive and monumental waste, fraud, abuse, mismanagement, and malfeasance throughout the charitable sector which costs taxpayers and contributors tens of billions of dollars annually; and,
  • seeking reforms that will restore the public’s lost confidence in the sector.
What’s Included:
Skunk of the Month:
Enormous School Fraud; Ebola Funds Missing
Breaking the Silence:
‘Hero Cop’ Embezzlement
Charity Check Up:
More Veteran Charity Thefts
A Thought or Two:
John and Aliesa Price Foundation; Cancer Charity Dissolved
Nonprofit News-In Case You Missed It:
Second Mile (Penn State); American Red Cross; Livestrong…more
Political/Official Chicanery:
VA; IA; WI; NC; CA; NM; OH; MI…more
What Do You Think?
·       To do good, donors must do their homework
·       Give without being taken

Examples of  (charity) corruption abound…Even existing laws and regulations don’t seem to help…In his article titled "Follow the Money", Steven Malanga, senior editor of City Journal, calls nonprofit corruption a "disease." As Diana Aviv told The Chronicle when stepping down last fall as the head of Independent Sector, we need to speak bluntly about the wrongdoers in the nonprofit world. The burden falls to us, as leaders, and to our boards of directors to make transparency a priority. (Chronicle of Philanthropy) (Aviv and IS did little to stem the tide of wrongdoing)

“These fundraisers are brazen con artists who refuse to follow the law and continue to fundraise illegally in spite of a previous court order,” Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan 
(source)

Trending: Reported fraud in Scotland rose 80.9% while the UK increased by 110%. "Theft and cash fraud is by far the most common method of defrauding a business. It is largely motivated by greed and to fund a lavish lifestyle. These reasons accounted for 67.8% of all frauds followed by gambling, which made up 14.58%, then debt accounting for 8.14%. (source)
Skunk of the Month…
        “They came to do good and they did very well indeed (for themselves).”

Skunk of the Month is the twice-monthly designation made by Nonprofit Imperative, the organization dedicated to eliminating waste, fraud, abuse and mismanagement in nonprofits and government. The Skunk of the Month award is given to charities and government officials who show blatant disregard for the interests and trust of contributors and taxpayers. This month’s example is:

A Glimpse Of School Fraud: A True Shame
1.    Marksville (LA) high baseball coach has been sentenced for embezzling thousands of dollars from the group he used to work for.
2.     The Janesville School District changed its money-handling procedures in response to the embezzlement of more than $300,000 from Craig High School over 10 years.
3.      A former Independence High School secretary has pleaded guilty to a felony theft charge for embezzlement.
4.     A school employee in Tazewell County (VA) has been sentenced to five years in prison on charges of embezzling more than $350,000 in school funding.
5.     A Johnston High School (RI) science teacher is accused of embezzlement and counterfeiting for allegedly putting his name on checks made out to the school for student activities.
6.     A former Florida State professor has been convicted of stealing $650,000 from a business school fund set up to teach students about investing.
7.     A Tracy woman is accused of taking $48,979 from the kindergarten-through-eighth-grade school’s PTO fund and mismanaging a second PTO account belonging to the teachers while she was the PTO treasurer from July 19, 2010, to July 1, 2014.  She is a mother of a child in the district and a volunteer with the group
8.    A Mississippi woman embezzled $12,000 Bay High School band students
9.    A parent volunteer with the Sunnyside School District (WA) is accused of stealing thousands of dollars from the PTA.
10.   A man is accused of embezzling up to $50,000 from a Midland (MI) preschool has entered into a plea agreement that could leave him with a misdemeanor.
11.  The former transportation director for the Shaw School District (MS) pleaded guilty to one count of embezzlement.
12.  A high school teacher in Rhode Island has been charged with embezzlement after allegedly putting his name on checks meant for school activities.
13. The former treasurer of the Kelly School Parent Teacher Organization (CA) is accused of embezzling $48,979 from the organization.
14.  Former Laurel Christian School (MS) Headmaster pleaded guilty in court to his indicted charge of embezzlement in excess of $25,000
15.  A former officer manager in Orange (CA) has been charged with embezzling up to $300,000 from a Catholic school fundraising program and using the cash for designer clothes and private school tuition.
16. Federal prosecutors said a former South Carolina public charter school director used shell companies to embezzle more than $1 million in federal funds provided to the school for food and educational purposes.
17.  A Glendale (AZ) high-school bookstore manager was indicted after state investigators claimed she had embezzled more than $70,000 through a skimming operation that lasted for years at Independence High School
18.  A 20-year Decatur Schools employee has stepped down after she was charged with embezzlement 
19. Cumberland County authorities said that they have charged a former Parent Teacher Organization president with stealing from the group.
20.  The former director of an East Lansing (MI) preschool has been charged with embezzling from the school.
21.  A former Vermont principal of the year is facing charges of stealing from his current school.
22.  A former Winslow (NH) woman pleaded guilty to embezzling thousands of dollars from a school sports team and a sports boosters’ club, while also stealing state welfare benefits.
23.  A Sandy Ridge P.T.A. President is accused of stealing money from the elementary school.
24.  A secretary at a Long Beach Catholic school was sentenced for stealing more than $260,000 from the school
25.  The former president of the Grady A. Brown Elementary School PTA (CA) was arrested and charged with embezzlement
26.  A former Northampton County (VA) School Board employee who said he “accidentally” sold items from the maintenance department on the Internet auction site eBay has pleaded guilty.
27.  The former treasurer of the Carter High School Band Boosters Club pleaded guilty to embezzling more than $33,000 from club funds.
28.  A former parent-teacher council treasurer wept as she told a judge how sorry she was for wiping out the annual budget of the organization in a yearlong embezzlement scheme.
29.  A Raleigh man was arrested on a charge that he stole more than $44,000 from a Cary school that helps children with developmental disorders.
30.  A former Valencia High School (CA) varsity baseball coach faces felony charges he embezzled money from the school and from a baseball booster club over 6 years.
31.  A former production manager for the Music, Dance and Theater Department at New Jersey City University was sentenced to three years in prison for embezzling $87,600 from the school.
32.  The former treasurer of Mona Shores' Campbell Elementary School Parent Teacher Organization has been scheduled for a guilty or no-contest plea to embezzling $46,000 from the organization.
33. Former Harrisburg Area Community College Vice-President Nancy Rockey was sentenced to 15 months in prison for stealing $233,000 from the school.
34.  Ukiah Unified School District officials suspect the district’s adult school has lost $90,000 over three years because of embezzlement by a former employee.
35.  A former Southern California school district accountant was recorded on video stuffing lunch money into her bra has been sentenced to five years in county jail for taking $1.8 million taken from the Rialto Unified School District over 8 years.
36.  A former Harmony school secretary was arraigned on a felony charge accusing her of embezzling $23,823.44 from the Child Nutrition Fund. She was employed by Cushing Public Schools between August 2008 and February 2014.
37. A former College of Southern Idaho employee has been charged with grand theft after allegedly embezzling money from the school. She is accused of five felony counts. She allegedly stole $530,556.29 from the college over five years. (Nonprofit Imperative) (source)
Billions In Ebola Funds Unaccounted For
At least a third of the $5.8 billion pledged in support of West African communities devastated by Ebola have yet to be delivered, while the funding that has been disbursed is nearly impossible to track, an analysis by Oxfam International finds.
Six months after the International Ebola Recovery Conference — where $5.2 billion was pledged for Ebola recovery efforts in the region — there is scant information available about the $3.9 billion that has been allocated. "We know that $1.9 billion of the promised funds have not even been committed to a specific country, but we can't say for sure how much of the remaining committed money has been effectively delivered,” said Aboubacry Tall, Oxfam's regional director for West Africa. "A lack of transparency throughout the whole process, from donors to implementing organizations to programs on the ground, means we're finding it hard to understand which donors have given what money, to whom, and for what purpose."
Breaking the Silence:
A grand jury indicted the widow of a disgraced Illinois cop for embezzling money from the same youth charity her deceased husband did. She and her husband Joseph embezzled money from the Fox Lake Police Department’s Explorer youth charity account.
The husband is believed to have killed himself because he thought that he was on the verge of being discovered for stealing from the fund. His death resulted in a massive manhunt for his imagined murderers in September along the Illinois-Wisconsin border. Authorities believe that this was a “carefully staged suicide” to fool them into believing that the husband (“Hero Cop”) was killed in the line of duty.
The Sheriff’s Department said that the couple stole thousands to pay for their lifestyle. The pair spent the money over seven years to pay their mortgage, travel to Hawaii, dine out at restaurants, a gym membership and adult websites, according to officials. (Time)
Charity Check Up:
Another Vet Org. Gets Caught
The executive director rappels down buildings and rides a Segway into an annual conference meeting that reportedly cost the nonprofit $3 million dollars. The organization has spent millions a year on travel, dinners, hotels and conferences that often seemed more lavish than appropriate. Former Wounded Warrior Project workers recounted regularly jetting around the country for minor meetings, buying business-class seats or staying in $500-per-night hotel rooms.
In 2013, they were given a D rating by Charity Watch partly due to its low proportion of revenues devoted to program activities. Program activities were reported as accounting for only 43 percent of the charity’s spending
Veterans’ organizations are notoriously poor in their management. Compared to other veterans’ organizations, Wounded Warrior is giving less to the people it serves. For example, CBS News reported that Disabled American Veterans Charitable Service Trust spends 96 percent of its budget on vets. Fisher House devotes 91 percent. But according to public records reported by Charity Navigator, the Wounded Warrior Project spends only 60 percent on vets.
The charity has increased fundraising spending an average of 66 percent every year since 2009; the nonprofit spent more than $34 million on fundraising in 2014, according to tax records.
Executive director Steven Nardizzi has a record of fighting against financial transparency in nonprofits. Nardizzi is on the advisory board of the Charity Defense Council, an organization that advocates for less oversight in spending for nonprofits and promotes high fundraising costs and high salaries for nonprofit executives. Nardizzi himself makes $473,000 in compensation.
Despite demands for retractions, the Columbia Journalism Review noted that the reporting appears rock-solid, saying that both news organizations, CBS News and the New York Times, spent months on the story, rifling through public documents and speaking with key sources inside the charity and out. They each interviewed roughly 50 current and former employees. And the journalists’ conclusions line up: While the nonprofit publically says it devotes 80 percent of its fundraising revenues to services, the news organizations found it was closer to 60 percent.
Nonprofit Imperative joins the late Rick Cohen, nonprofit advocate and national correspondent for NPQ in urging those concerned about veterans’ issues to bring more oversight to the growing number of organizations serving them and their families. He suggested that a task force be put together to review and “scrutinize” organizations claiming to serve and to focus on issues that are priorities to veterans, to create a working group to focus specifically on veterans charities (like a GuideStar or Charity Navigator for this particular segment of the nonprofit sector) and to create a veterans charities hotline. The hotline would allow skeptical donors to obtain unbiased information on the work of the organizations that claim to serve this community of service men and women. 
More Vet Charity Fraud: Maryland Secretary of State announced that the Office of the Secretary of State has shut down a purported charity for veterans which allegedly falsified marketing materials and other documents and has not accounted for donations. The AG issued a cease-and-desist order against the Southern Maryland Veterans Association, along with its principal and former associate.
The charity appeared to collect thousands of dollars in 2014 and 2015 in cash and donated goods, but investigators could not immediately determine the exact totals of contributions and their use. 
The cease-and-desist order alleges multiple violations of the Maryland Solicitations Act, including misleading potential donors to a charitable organization, using false and misleading advertising in connection with a solicitation and failing to register with the Secretary of State before soliciting. 
A Thought or Two:
Family, Board, Benefit Heavily From Foundation
A news-press investigation uncovered the president, treasurer and trustee of the John E. and Aliese Price Foundation spent over 70 percent of its income on salaries and administrative expenses. With $8.99 million in assets and one full-time employee the foundation dispersed each year, on average, a mere $225,000 divvied up among 35 nonprofit organizations. Records show some that got grants had their nonprofit status revoked by the IRS. The board members, who included exec’s wife rubber-stamped executive decisions in 30-minute meetings held twice a year. For their service, the five other trustees were paid $8,000 a year.
The foundation purchased computer equipment and furniture for the president’s home office even though the foundation office is fully furnished and had three workstations. The foundation also purchased upscale cars for the exec’s use.
Many of the loans given by the foundation, according to IRS records, do not appear to have been paid back. 
Foundation Board member Russell Priddy, who is married to the founder’s granddaughter, accepts that the oversight has been scant. “The financial information the board is furnished with is a very collapsed version of a balance sheet and income statement,” Priddy said. “There’s a dollar figure on there and financials, but we were given no breakout.”
Remember the IRS states, “(a) private foundation must not be organized or operated for the benefit of private interests... No part of the net earnings of a section 501(c)(3) organization may inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
Finally Cancer Charities Dissolved
The Cancer Fund of America, a self-described charity based in Tennessee, has tentatively agreed to dissolve after a court battle with the Federal Trade Commission and the attorneys general for all 50 states. It joins The Breast Cancer Society and The Children's Cancer Fund, both also went out of business. The dissolution of this final "family" of cancer charities, listed by CNN and The Tampa Bay Times as some of the worst in the United States, comes after years of reports in which CNN tracked down fake donations, faulty record keeping and confronting charity directors for collecting millions on donations without showing any real benefit to people suffering with cancer. The charities raised more than $180 million over the years, and the FTC said almost none of it was recoverable. Some of it went to such things as Caribbean cruises and trips to Disney World. (source)

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Nonprofit News…
In Case You Missed It:
1.     The charity, Second Mile, founded by convicted former Penn State assistant football coach Jerry Sandusky has filed a court petition seeking permission to go out of business. The charity's board says fundraising has dropped to nothing and nearly all its assets have been distributed in the wake of Sandusky's arrest and conviction on charges he molested several boys, including some he met through the charity. (WJAC-TV
2.     As Nonprofit Imperative has previously noted Rep. Bennie Thompson, the ranking member of the House homeland security committee, sent the charity a long list of questions after ProPublica recently revealed the cuts and detailed how they have eroded the Red Cross’ ability to respond to even modest disasters. Red Cross CEO Gail McGovern responded in a letter late last month that she has tried to lower “the costs of delivering our services to the public — without diminishing the services themselves — and we believe we have achieved that goal.” Citing an alarming degree of frustration in West Virginia with American Red Cross’ performance, Rep. Bennie Thompson (D-MS) wanted to know if ARC performed an after-action assessment of its response to recent disasters and how it will address the challenges it experienced responding to the incidents in West Virginia and California. In an article in Emergency Management (reprinted from the (Register-Herald) reveals that two years ago in West Virginia, seven Red Cross chapters were collapsed into four. Red Cross is a designated support agency under the National Response Framework's Emergency Support Function 6-the federal government's plan to provide life-sustaining resources and essential services when the needs of disaster survivors exceed local or state government's capabilities. But McGovern did not answer basic questions about the cuts, including how many actual chapter offices she has closed. McGovern also ignored Thompson’s question about how many emergency planners have told the Red Cross they are no longer incorporating the charity in their response plans. Thompson, who has been pushing for more oversight of the Red Cross, told ProPublica that he is “troubled” by the lack of answers.
“I am troubled that questions were ignored and some of the responses provided were inconsistent with information from numerous media reports,” Thompson said in a statement. “I will continue my oversight of the Red Cross and will not stop until all questions are answered. In 2014, McGovern tried to kill a investigation into the charity by the Government Accountability Office. After that failed and the inquiry went forward, the Red Cross didn’t provide full access to the government investigators. (ProPublica) Update: The American Red Cross ran a deficit of $159 million last fiscal year, battered by a steep drop in fundraising and its struggling blood banking division, according to newly released financial statements. But the new financial statements show contributions to the Red Cross fell to $604 million, about $120 million (or 20%) less than the previous year. It is the worst fundraising result the Red Cross has had since at least 2000, the last year for which ProPublica could find financial records. (ProPublica)
There is a growing number of counties dropping regional Red Cross participation from their emergency operational plans, and, according to ProPublica, to local United Ways withdrawing their funding from those regional entities.
4.     The chief executive and president of Livestrong resigned after less than a year on the job, another blow to the cancer foundation that has struggled with sharp declines in donations and revenue since founder Lance Armstrong's performance-enhancing drug use scandal. Livestrong had two straight years of sharp declines before Chandini Portteus took over in early 2015 at an annual salary of $350,000. According to federal financial records, Livestrong's 2013 donations dipped from nearly $23 million to $15 million after Armstrong's televised admission of drug use. It also took a 38 percent dive that year in commercial revenue after sponsorships were canceled or not renewed. Livestrong's 2014 financial report, filed at the end of 2015, showed a further 29 percent drop in revenue and donations down to less than $12 million. The report also noted a $10 million dip in total assets.
5.     Charitable donations grew for the fourth year in a row in 2015, although at a slower rate than in previous years. Giving grew 1.6 percent last year, compared with 2.1 percent in 2014 and 4.9 percent in 2013, according to the report by the fundraising software company Blackbaud.
6.     Gambling and Charity Fraud: 1.) A federal court charged former NFL wide receiver Reggie Rucker with wire fraud and making a false statement to law enforcement.  It is alleged that he had taken money from a charitable fund to settle gambling debts and other personal expenses. He served as executive director of the Amer-I-Can charity. Using the charity's bank account, he allegedly helped pay his mortgage in addition to paying for meals, groceries, travel expenses and dry cleaning. He is also accused of withdrawing more than $48,000 from casinos in Cleveland, Las Vegas and Tampa, Florida, and in total, paying roughly $65,000 in gambling debts from the Amer-I-Can fund. Authorities charged Rucker with taking nearly $500,000 from the charity between 2011 and February 2015. 2.) The former executive director of the Miracles Club has been indicted on accusations that he embezzled $144,000 from the Northeast Portland nonprofit, then gambled away much of the money at the Spirit Mountain Casino. He has been appointed the Miracles Club's interim executive director. It's unclear when Bryant left his job as executive director. Miracles Club leaders are working to tighten controls.
We flagged these few examples of charity misdeeds:
1.     Hunger Free Vermont hundreds of thousands
2.     Island Hospital Foundation $30,000
3.     The Martin Luther King, Jr. State Commission (NM) $50,000
4.     Marksville High School (LA) $90,000
5.     Kearsley High School (MI) $33,000
6.     St. - Juniata Community Mental Health Clinic (PA) hundreds of thousands of dollars
7.     American Registry of Pathology (MD) $2 million
8.     Chicago Blood Cancer Foundation $45,000
9.     Putney Family Services (VT) $42,000
10.  St. Albert the Great Catholic Church (OH) $45,000
11.  Jaycees Memorial Foundation, Inc (N.C.) $48,000
12.  Send Thee Community Outreach (NC) <$250,000
13.  United Block Association (NY) $950,000
14.  Fullerton Rangers Soccer League (CA) $174,000
15.  Valley College (WV) $25,000
16.  Paul Munro Elementary School (VA) $31,000
17.  Local 164 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (NJ) $145,000
18.  Piedmont Triad Partnership, Inc (NC) $240,000
19.  Westland Hockey Association (MI) $45,000
20.  Somers Lakeside PTA (MT) <$5000
21.  Louisa County Athletic Boosters (VA) unknown
22.  Hemet (CA) Synagogue $250,000
23.  Americans Helping America Chamber of Commerce (CA) many thousands
24.  La Center Little League (WA) <$25,000 
25.  Janesville Craig High School (WI) $300,000
Political/public official chicanery (just a few):
1      A former Christiansburg police officer will serve a year in jail for embezzling close to $34,000 from the nonprofit Virginia Bloodhound Search and Rescue Association, according to a special prosecutor.
2      A former Garwin (IA) city clerk, previously charged in state court, is now charged in federal court with embezzling over $560,000 from the city and will plead guilty.
3      The former Eau Claire County (WI) treasurer, was sentenced to 9.5 years of initial confinement, 11 years extended supervision and probation. He was ordered to pay restitution costs of $625,758.22 from the county.
4      A former city of Charlotte employee, who worked in the city manager’s office, was arrested on five counts of felony embezzlement. Weak supervisory oversight allowed the thefts to continue over a period of at least four years.
5      Former volunteer treasurer for California Congressman Dana Rohrabacher was arrested on suspicion that he embezzled more than $200,000 from the congressman's campaign chest and also was accused of embezzling more than $80,000 from a former employer, the Orange County district attorney said.
6      Juanita Roibal-Bradley, a former New Mexico Workers’ Compensation Administrative Law Judge, admitted in federal court Tuesday that she siphoned more than a half-million dollars from an estate – after she’d been disbarred by the New Mexico Supreme Court. She also pleaded guilty to defrauding the Social Security Administration of more than $40,000 by receiving disability benefits. 
7      The former director of the Macon County (NC) Board of Elections pleaded guilty to embezzlement in federal court to writing $72,000 of unauthorized checks for her own financial benefit.
8      The Columbus (OH) City Council has awarded a $100,000 contract to fight infant mortality to a nonprofit agency headed by a former council member who resigned last year amid ethics questions. Days after resigning her seat at the urging of her attorney handed over records to the U.S. Department of Justice as part of an investigation into whether she had accepted free dinners or gifts, several sources said at the time. The federal investigation continues. The awarding of the contract also comes as the ethics commission has opened an investigation into the city's approval of contracts to nonprofits that also employ council members.
9      The treasurer and wife of the Davidson County (NC) Sheriff’s Office chief deputy is facing multiple charges involving allegations she embezzled in excess of $350,000 from the Welcome Fire Department.
10   The Assistant Fire Chief of the Lincolnton (NC) Fire Department has been indicted for embezzlement in connection with the Burned Children's Fund.
11   Two Congressional committees are demanding data from the country's wealthiest universities on how they spend their investment funds
12   A Grand Valley State University (MI) employee has entered a guilty plea to accusations of taking $50,000 from the university.

Readers, weigh in as to what you think…please continue the tips (they are very helpful) gary.r.snyder@gmail.com
Nonprofit Imperative gathers its information principally from media sources...some of which are directly quoted. Virtually all cited are in some phase of criminal proceedings; some have not been charged, however there is money missing. These incidents include only a fraction of the estimated $40 billion of charity crimes. On rare occasions, there may be duplicates.
We’re noticed: Cites in various media:
Featured in print, broadcast, and online media outlets, including: Charity Navigator, Washington Post, National Enquirer, The Patriot-News, Vermont Public Radio, Miami Herald, New York Times, National Public Radio, Huffington Post, The Sun News, In Touch, Atlanta Journal Constitution, Wall Street Journal (Profile, News and Photos), FOX2, ABC Spotlight on the News, WWJ Radio, msnbc.com, Marie Claire, Ethics World, Tactical Philanthropy, Aspen Philanthropy Newsletter, Harvard Business Review, Current Affairs, The Chronicle of Philanthropy, St. Petersburg Times, Board Room Insider, USA Today Topics, Accountants News, Newsweek.com, Responsive Philanthropy Magazine, , Portfolio Magazine, The Virgin Islands Daily News, NANKAI (China) BUSINESS REVIEW, National Religious Broadcasters newsletter, The Charity Governance Blog, American Chronicle,  Palm Beach Post, Detroit Free Press, Oakland Press, Nonprofit World, Socially Responsible Business Forum, PNNOnline, Ohio Nonprofit Resources, Nonprofit Good Practice Guide, Nonprofit Startup Guide, Nonprofit Blog,  National Coalition of Homeless Newsletter, The Michigan Nonprofit Management Manual, MichiganNonprofit.com, CORP! Magazine, Crain’s Michigan Nonprofit, ncrp.org, PhilanTopic, Nashville Free Press, Nonprofit Law Blog, Seniors World Chronicle, Carnegie Reporter, Assoc. of Certified Fraud Examiners Examiner, Worchester (MA) Telegram and Gazette, Carnegie Corporation of America, EO Tax Journal, Wikipedia: Non-profit Organizations; Parent: Wise Austin, Accountants News, Veterans Today, VPR News, National Enquirer,
  • Silence: The Impending Threat to the Charitable Sector (Xlibris, 2011)
…”This book should be read by everyone. It will send a shiver down the reader's spine to think that people with little money to spare have given generously…”
  • Nonprofits: On the Brink (iUniverse, 2006)
  • The Michigan Nonprofit Management Manual, Governance Section
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Email: gary.r.snyder@gmail.com; 248/324-3700;
Gary Snyder is the author of Silence: The Impending Threat to the Charitable Sector (Xlibris, June, 2011) and Nonprofits: On the Brink (iUniverse, February, 2006) and articles in numerous publications. The book can be bought at amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, Barnes and Noble (store)
© Gary R. Snyder, All Rights Reserved, 2016  









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